Vol. 6 No. 1 (2024): January - June 2024
Integrated therapy

Acceptance and Alliance : A Phase of the Psychotherapeutic Process and the Linguistic Analysis of the Session

Francesco Mercadante

Published 2024-04-04


  • acceptancealliance, ambiguity, vagueness, language

How to Cite

Mercadante, F., & Gigante, E. (2024). Acceptance and Alliance : A Phase of the Psychotherapeutic Process and the Linguistic Analysis of the Session. Phenomena Journal - International Journal of Psychopathology, Neuroscience and Psychotherapy, 6(1), 81–92. https://doi.org/10.32069/PJ.2021.2.216


A fragment of a psychotherapeutic session is exposed here and explained along the continuum of the therapeutic process and the bond between professional and patient: in particular, the core of the investigation consists of the analysis of the functional concepts of acceptance and alliance, an analysis aimed at re-examining of methods, relations and objectives. The originality of the work, in fact, is revealed in the analysis of the language system within which the figures of speech take shape. Repetitions and their semantic function, ambiguity and vagueness as elements of the approximation of meaning and other phenomena of communicative intention are indicators of the interaction between the organism and the environment of which the authors take care, in an attempt to illustrate a different path of self-realization, in which discomfort can appear in the forms of awareness.


  1. Lambert, M. J., & Barley, D. E. (2001). Research summary on the therapeutic relationship and psychotherapy outcome. Psychotherapy: Theory, research, practice, training, 38(4), 357.
  2. Orlinsky, D. E., Grawe, K., & Parks, B. K. (1994). Process and outcome in psychotherapy: noch einmal. In A. E. Bergin & S. L. Garfield (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change, 4th, (pp. 270–376). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
  3. Safran, J. D., & Greenberg, L. S. (Eds.). (1991). Emotion, psychotherapy, and change. New York: Guilford press.
  4. Prochaska, J. O., & Norcross, J. C. (2001). Stages of change. Psychotherapy: theory, research, practice, training, 38(4), 443.
  5. Rogers, C. R. (1961). On Becoming A Person: A Therapist's View of Psychotherapy, tard. it. AA.VV., La terapia centrata sul cliente (1970). Firenze: Martinelli e C.
  6. Ibid.
  7. Watzlawick, P., Bavelas, J. B., & Jackson, D. D. (2011). Pragmatics of human communication: A study of interactional patterns, pathologies and paradoxes. WW Norton & Company. Trad. it. Ferretti, M. (1971). Roma: Astrolabio.
  8. Ibid., p. 76
  9. Ibid., p. 49
  10. Ibid., p. 51
  11. Cfr. Ibid.
  12. Cfr. Carnap, R. (1947). Meaning and Necessity: A Study in Semantics and Modal Logic. University of Chicago Press.
  13. Cfr. Strawson, P. F. (1971). Identifying Reference and Truth-Values, in Logico-Linguistic Papers, (p.75-95). London-New York: Routledge.
  14. Dante Alighieri. Purgatorio, VII, 1-8, a cura di Sapegno, N. (2004), (p.466). Milano-Napoli: Ricciardi.
  15. Nocentini, A., Parenti, A., (2010). Vocabolario etimologico della lingua italiana. Firenze: Le Monnier. Forcellini, E., 1761 (1771), Totius latinitatis lexicon, Seminario, Patavii Typis Seminarii MDCCCV apud Thomam Bettinelli.
  16. Cicerone. De finibus bonorum et malorum libri quinque, II, IV, 12, trad. nostra, a cura di Alanus, H. (1856) (p.54). Dublino: Hodges, Smith & soc.
  17. Pokorny, J. (2007). Proto-Indo-European Etymological Dictionary. ed. digitale a cura di Indo-European Language Revival Association, ed. Associazione Dnghu.
  18. Du Cange. (1887). Glossarium mediae et infimae latinitatis, L. Favre, Niort.
  19. Litterae Edwardi II regis Anglicorum ad regem Portugalliae, Foedera, conventiones, literæ, et cujuscunque generis acta publica, inter reges Angliæ et alios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices, principes, vel communitates, trad. nostra, a cura di T. Rymer, tomi II, pars I et II, 1739, Hagae Comitis apud J. Neaulme, (p. 138).