Disturbo dello Spettro Autistico e Aderenza al Trattamento

  • Patrizia Marone
  • Floriana Longobardi

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Treatment Adherence

The work aims to highlight the results of the international scientific literature on the topic "Adherence to ABA treatment in the parents of people with Autism Spectrum Disorder". Interesting aspects emerge regarding the choice of treatment delivery modalities such as, for example, greater adherence by parents to use reinforcement rather than punishment in cognitive behavioral treatment (Moore, TR, & Symons, FJ, 2009). The literature highlights a poor knowledge of the contingencies that reinforce adherence to ABA treatment and / or adherence to other treatments by parents and, moreover, only some studies (Hayward, Fava, Kaiser & Roberts, 2013) include the coding on adherence to treatment by parents. Some authors have also highlighted a correlation (Casenhiser et al, 2013; Strauss et al, 2012) between changing parents' behavior and changing children's behavior.

Keywords: Autism, Adherence, Family, Parents, Psycoteraphy, Treatment, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Applyed Behavior Analysis

 

Abstract in italiano

Disturbo dello Spettro Autistico e Aderenza al Trattamento

Il lavoro vuole evidenziare i risultati della letteratura scientifica internazionale presente sull'argomento “Aderenza al trattamento ABA nei genitori di persone con Disturbo dello Spettro Autistico”. Emergono interessanti aspetti relativi alla scelta delle modalità di erogazione del trattamento come, ad esempio, una maggiore aderenza da parte dei genitori ad utilizzare il rinforzo anziché la punizione nel trattamento cognitivo comportamentale (Moore, TR, & Symons, FJ, 2009). La letteratura evidenzia una scarsa conoscenza delle contingenze che rinforzano l'aderenza al trattamento ABA e/o l'aderenza ad altri trattamenti da parte dei genitori e, inoltre, solo alcuni studi (Hayward, Fava, Kaiser & Roberts, 2013) includono la codifica sull’aderenza al trattamento da parte dei genitori. Alcuni autori hanno anche evidenziato una correlazione (Casenhiser et al, 2013; Strauss et al, 2012) tra il cambiamento del comportamento dei genitori e il cambiamento del comportamento del bambino.

Parole chiave: Autismo, Aderenza, Famiglia, Genitori, Psicoterapia, Trattamento, Disturbo dello Spettro Autistico, Analisi Applicata del Comportamento (ABA)

Biografie d'autore

Patrizia Marone

Psicologa, Psicoterapeuta, Ipnoterapeuta, EMDR Practitioner, Didatta Ordinario FISIG, Didatta SiPGI,
Supervisore ABA-VB, Presidente A.I.S.P. Onlus (Associazione Integrazione Salute Psicofisica), Socio Fondatore
O.N.I.G. (Osservatorio Nazionale sui Disturbi dell’Identità di Genere) già Ricercatrice Ospedale S. Camillo e
Università “La Sapienza” Roma.

Floriana Longobardi

Pedagogista, Educatrice, Giornalista, Tecnico ABA-VB (Applyed Behavior Analysis), Responsabile Comunicazione A.I.S.P. Onlus (Associazione Integrazione Salute Psicofisica), Socio Fondatore AssoStampa Valle del Sarno, Premio Speciale Cultura Albatros 2015, Premio SIPSIC (Società Italiana di Psicoterapia) Giovani per la Ricerca 2015

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Pubblicato
2020-11-17
Come citare
Marone, P., & Longobardi, F. (2020). Disturbo dello Spettro Autistico e Aderenza al Trattamento. Phenomena Journal - Giornale Internazionale Di Psicopatologia, Neuroscienze E Psicoterapia, 2(2), 114 - 124. https://doi.org/10.32069/pj.2020.2.109