L'Analisi del Comportamento Applicata tra ricchezza e cattive prassi

  • Antonia Zamboli Ricercatrice indipendente
Parole chiave: autism, behavior, treatment

Abstract

Nel corso della mia attività clinica ho avuto la possibilità di comprendere la ricchezza e le straordinarie possibilità di successo del trattamento dell’autismo secondo i principi dell’analisi del comportamento applicata (ABA). Esistono, tuttavia, numerosi pregiudizi verso questa disciplina i quali, costituendo veri e propri “bias cognitivi”, producono confusione epistemologica rispetto all’ABA: non sono comprese, in tal modo, le sue reali fondamenta. Nell’implementazione dei programmi comportamentali ho constatato, infatti, che talvolta, professionisti operanti nel campo dell’autismo rappresentano i principi e l’utilizzo dell’ABA in maniera impropria. Ciò alimenta una visione negativa ed erronea di questa disciplina. Questo lavoro si propone di esaminare, pertanto, le potenzialità di questa scienza approfondendo due concetti cardini sui quali essa è basata: il rinforzo e la punizione. Si metterà, pertanto, in luce come sia proprio l’errata comprensione e l’improprio utilizzo di questi strumenti da parte della comunità clinica a generare, frequentemente, cattive prassi.

Parole chiave:  Autismo, Comportamento, Trattamento

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Pubblicato
2021-11-02
Come citare
Zamboli, A. (2021). L’Analisi del Comportamento Applicata tra ricchezza e cattive prassi. Phenomena Journal - Giornale Internazionale Di Psicopatologia, Neuroscienze E Psicoterapia, 3(2), 140 - 150. https://doi.org/10.32069/PJ.2021.2.135
Sezione
Articolo di opinione